Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA)
Conditions and diseases
This section provides information on particular disease types and contains data on some of the main causes of death in the city.
- Around 4,500 people die in Liverpool each year, with cancer (30% of all deaths), cardiovascular disease (20%), and respiratory disease (15%) being the biggest killers.
- Some 1,800 people die prematurely (which is defined as being aged under 75 years), so 4 out of 10 of our residents die young.
- Almost 1,000 of these premature deaths are considered preventable and could potentially be avoided by public health interventions.
- There have been significant reductions in Liverpool’s mortality rate since the turn of the millennium including a 27% decrease in rate of preventable deaths, a 14% reduction in the number of preventable cancer deaths, and 50% decline in the number of preventable CVD deaths.
- One third (33.7%) of the Liverpool population have at least one morbidity, 15% have multimorbidity, and 7.6% have physical and mental health comorbidity.
- There are around 13,300 people in Liverpool who have been diagnosed with cancer; 18,000 people who have coronary heart disease, and 73,200 with hypertension. There are more than 16,000 people with chronic respiratory disease; over 49,000 people have been diagnosed with depression, and almost 8,000 with mental health illness.
- Healthy life expectancy for females in the city is 59.6 years compared with 59.3 years for males.
Detailed needs assessments
The following health needs assessments have been published in relation to specific disease types and conditions: