Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA)
Conditions and diseases
This section provides information on particular disease types and contains data on some of the main causes of death in the city.
- Around 4,500 people die in Liverpool each year, with cancer (30% of all deaths), cardiovascular disease (20%), and respiratory disease (15%) being the biggest killers.
- Some 1,800 people die prematurely (which is defined as being aged under 75 years), so 4 out of 10 of our residents die young.
- More than 1,000 of these premature deaths are considered preventable and could potentially be avoided by public health interventions.
- There have been significant reductions in Liverpool’s mortality rate since the turn of the millennium including a 20% decrease in preventable deaths, a 32% reduction in cancer deaths, and 59% decline in preventable CVD deaths.
- However latest figures for 2014-16 show that mortality rates are beginning to increase in the city and the inequalities gap with England is rising.
- In Liverpool, 1 in 5 people have a single long term condition (equating to roughly 90,000 people), with 1 in 8 people having 2 or more long term conditions (equating to roughly 65,000 people).
- There are around 11,400 people in Liverpool who have been diagnosed with cancer, 18,000 people who have coronary heart disease and 69,000 with hypertension, more than 15,000 people with chronic respiratory disease, and over 38,000 people have been diagnosed with depression, and almost 7,000 with severe mental illness.
- Healthy life expectancy for females in the city is 59.2 years compared with 57.8 years for males
Detailed needs assessments
The following health needs assessments have been published in relation to specific disease types and conditions: