Wider determinants of health

Wider determinants, also known as social determinants, are a diverse range of social, economic and environmental factors which impact on people’s health.  Variation in the experience of wider determinants (i.e. social inequalities) is considered the fundamental cause (the ‘causes of the causes’) of health outcomes, and as such health inequalities are likely to persist through changes in disease patterns and behavioural risks so long as social inequalities persist.

Key facts

  • Liverpool has the highest rate of violent crime in England, with around 780 emergency hospital admissions for violence each year.
  • In 2017, there were 1,215 first time offenders in Liverpool based on crime data from the Police National Computer. The Liverpool rate of 249.2 per 100,000 was significantly higher than England at 166.4 per 100,000 and the highest out of 8 core cities.
  • Liverpool is ranked the 5th highest out of 8 core cities for its long term unemployment (July, 2017) with 0.6% of the population aged 16-64 years (1,820 people) claiming job seekers allowance for more than 12 months.