Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA)
What happens in pregnancy and early childhood impacts on physical and emotional health all the way through to adulthood. Every child in Liverpool should be given the best start in life, with the crucial period starting from pregnancy to the age of two.
- In 2015, there were 5,883 live births in Liverpool. There were 389 more births to Liverpool mothers than a decade ago.
- There were 5.2 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2014-2016, which was statistically significantly higher than the England rate.
- Some 8.5% of live births had a low birthweight (defined as weighing under 2500g), which was higher than the 7.4% reported nationally.
- One in seven mothers were recorded as being smokers at the time of the delivery of their baby, compared with one in nine nationally.
- Only 54% of Liverpool mothers initiated breastfeeding and only 32% were breastfeeding 6-8 weeks after the birth of their baby (England reported figures of 74% and 43% respectively).
- Vaccination figures in Liverpool are higher than nationally. In 2015/16 some 96% of two year olds in the city had been vaccinated for Dtap/IPV/Hib.
- Liverpool has a high rate of A&E attendances for children aged 0-4 years, 60% higher than England.
- One in four of our children aged 4-5 years were either overweight or obese.
- Only 6 out of 10 Liverpool children have a good level of development at the end of their school reception year, compared with 7 out of 10 nationally.
Detailed needs assessments
In summer 2017 the following health needs assessments were published in relation to Early Years:
- State of child health report 2017
- Children and young people infographic
- Infant mortality
- Childhood obesity