Minimum energy efficiency standards for privately rented properties

We want to help landlords, agents and tenants understand how to improve the energy rating of privately rented properties in Liverpool and what happens if they do not.

What is the minimum energy efficiency standard?

Privately rented properties with an energy performance certificate (EPC) are rated on a scale of A-G. The legal minimum standard they must meet now is E. From 2030, this will change to C.

A property with an EPC rating of F or G must be improved to E immediately, or be registered for an exemption which lasts for five years. To register an exemption on GOV.UK landlords must provide evidence that energy efficiency improvements will:

  • need third party consent
  • cost more than £3,500, or that £3,500 or more has already been spent 
  • devalue the property

Other reasons may also be accepted - please read the full guidance on exemptions and the evidence requirements on GOV.UK.

How to check an energy efficiency rating

An EPC will give an energy efficiency rating and an environmental impact rating. It will also estimate the energy use, carbon dioxide emissions, lighting, heating and hot water per year, along with the potential annual costs for each.

If a property has been marketed for sale or to let, or it has been modified in the past 10 years, it should have an EPC.

Find an EPC by postcode on GOV.UK

It is a legal requirement to have an EPC for a privately rented property. An EPC can be obtained from a qualified assessor. A landlord can book a property assessment online on GOV.UK

How to improve an energy rating

We can help landlords apply for a Green Grant which is subject to eligibility and a survey. Contact for further advice and guidance.  

How much will improvement work cost?

The maximum cost of rating an EPC rating from F or G to E is £3,500 including VAT. Find out more about typical improvement costs on GOV.UK.

Enforcement action we take

In September 2021, we investigated 467 privately rented properties in Liverpool with a G rating and, following a review, sent out letters to most of these properties offering advice about funding and other sources of help.

Unless a landlord notifies us of an exemption, all letters will be followed up with an enforcement notice and a possible inspection visit which may result in fines of up to £5,000. All landlords are strongly advised to take action and speak to their tenants and other interested parties too.

How we can help if your landlord fails to take action

A landlord must comply with their legal obligations to improve the property to a minimum standard - an EPC rating of E. If your landlord fails to take action, please contact for further advice and guidance.

MEES webinars

On Monday 29th November 2021, we held the first of our series of public webinars. At the event we introduced the MEES regulations currently being enforced in Liverpool’s private rented sector. You can view the session at the bottom of this page.

Areas covered in the session included:

  • how to check that MEES applies to a domestic property
  • the current exemptions available to landlords
  • potential funding routes to help landlords and tenants make necessary improvements
  • an overview of the council's enforcement process

We plan to host more events soon, and we will be releasing the details of the events on this page. If you would like to receive webinar invitations directly please email us at